What you need to know

  • Ask your GP to refer you to a specialist who is a member of a multidisciplinary team.
  • Most men will need to see a urologist and a radiation oncologist. Some may also need to see a medical oncologist.
  • It is important that you take the time to fully understand your treatment options.

What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer occurs in any part of the prostate, a small gland in men that is part of the reproductive system. Prostate cancer starts when cells in the prostate become abnormal. These cells divide and grow to form a cancer.

Graphic of a male body highlighting the prostate

Who do I see for treatment of my prostate cancer?

If your GP suspects you have prostate cancer, they will refer you to a urologist to get a diagnosis. It is also important to see a Radiation Oncologist to talk about your treatment options. There may be more than one treatment option for you.

The urologist and radiation oncologist should:

  • have experience in treating prostate cancer
  • be active members of a multidisciplinary team.

All the specialists listed on Canrefer are members of a multidisciplinary team.

Why are multidisciplinary teams important?

A multidisciplinary team is a team of doctors, nurses and other health professionals. Team members meet regularly to discuss their patients. They plan treatment for new cancer patients and review treatment for existing patients.

Multidisciplinary teams are important. Team members work together to decide the best treatments for patients.

You can ask your GP to refer you to a specialist who is part of a multidisciplinary team. Talk to your GP about this. All specialists on Canrefer are members of a multidisciplinary team.

What tests do I need?

You may have some of the tests listed below to diagnose prostate cancer. The most common tests are:

  • digital rectal examination
  • blood tests
  • imaging - ultrasound, CT scan, MRI scan and/or bone scan
  • biopsy of the prostate.

What treatment will I have?

There is a number of treatment options available listed below for men with prostate cancer. 

Treatment for prostate cancer may include one or all types of these cancer treatments:

  • active surveillance
  • radiation therapy
  • surgery
  • hormone therapy
  • chemotherapy.

If you have prostate cancer which is localised to the prostate or immediate area surrounding the prostate, you can read more about these treatment options in the fact sheet.

Where do I receive treatment?

If treatment for your prostate cancer is specialised and complex, you may need to travel to have a part of your treatment. Your Local Health District will have an arrangement in place for this.

You may be able to have parts of your treatment closer to home. Please discuss this with your treating specialist.

Travel assistance for rural patients

If you live in a rural area and need help to travel for your treatment visit NSW Government IPTAAS for more information.

How common is prostate cancer in NSW?

Prostate cancer was diagnosed in:

  • 7329
    People in NSW in 2012
  • 7254
    People in NSW in 2011
  • 6801
    People in NSW in 2010

Data Source: Annual NSW cancer incidence and mortality dataset, 2012 (sourced form the NSW Cancer Registry)

Treatment options for localised prostate cancer

Read our fact sheet on the treatment options available for men with localised prostate cancer.

Cancer information and support

Speak to a specialist health professional about anything to do with cancer.

Phone 13 11 20.

Cancer Council NSW
Questions for your specialist

Find out some key questions to ask your specialist at your first appointment.

Questions you can ask
Booklet about prostate cancer

Understanding Prostate Cancer is a booklet for people with cancer, their families and friends. 

Cancer Council NSW