Important information

Men with a suspected or diagnosed localised prostate cancer should: 

Some men may also need a referral to a medical oncologist.


What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer starts in the cells of the prostate, a small gland in men that is part of the reproductive system. 

Graphic of a male body highlighting the prostate


What tests are needed?

Common tests used to diagnose prostate cancer include:

  • digital rectal examination
  • blood tests
  • imaging - ultrasound, CT scan, MRI scan and/or bone scan
  • biopsy of the prostate.


What treatment options are there?

Treatment for prostate cancer may include one or more of the following: 

  • active surveillance
  • radiation therapy
  • surgery
  • hormone therapy
  • chemotherapy.

If you have prostate cancer which is localised to the prostate or immediate area surrounding the prostate, you can read more about these treatment options in the Prostate cancer management options fact sheet.

If treatment is specialised and complex, patients may need to travel to have a part of their treatment. The local health district will have an arrangement in place for this.


How common is prostate cancer in NSW?

Prostate cancer was diagnosed in:

  • 2015
    6616 people in NSW
  • 2014
    6426 people in NSW
  • 2013
    6829 people in NSW
Data source: Cancer statistics NSW portal (sourced from Institute Data Warehouse, Cancer Institute NSW. Available at:

Last updated: 22 February 2019