What you need to know

It is recommended that you:

  • See a urologist who is a member of a multidisciplinary team. You can ask your GP to refer you.
  • All specialists listed on Canrefer are members of a multidisciplinary team.

What is urogenital cancer?

Urogenital cancer is cancer that occurs in any part of the urinary tract. The urinary tract includes the bladder and kidneys. Urogenital cancer also includes prostate cancer, testicular cancer and penile cancer. Urogenital cancers start when cells in the urinary tract become abnormal. These cells divide and grow to form a cancer.

Graphic of a human body highlighting the urogenital tract.

Who do I see for diagnosis and treatment of my urogenital cancer?

If your GP suspects you have a urogenital cancer, they will refer you to a urologist.

The urologist should:

  • Have experience treating urogenital cancer.
  • Be an active member of a multidisciplinary team

All the specialists listed on Canrefer are members of a multidisciplinary team.

Why are multidisciplinary teams important?

A multidisciplinary team is a team of doctors, nurses and other health professionals. Team members meet regularly to discuss their patients. They plan treatment for new cancer patients and review treatment for existing patients.

Multidisciplinary teams are important. Team members work together to decide the best treatments for patients.

You can ask your GP to refer you to a specialist who is part of a multidisciplinary team. Talk to your GP about this.

All specialists on Canrefer are members of a multidisciplinary team.

What tests do I need?

You may have some of the tests listed below to diagnose a urogenital cancer. The most common tests are:

  • Physical examination
  • Blood tests
  • Imaging - ultrasound, CT scan and/or MRI scan
  • Biopsy

What treatment will I have?

Treatment for urogenital cancer may include one or all types of these cancer treatments:

  • surgery
  • chemotherapy
  • targeted therapy
  • radiotherapy

Where will I have treatment?

If treatment for your urogenital cancer is specialised and complex, you may need to travel to have a part of your treatment. Your Local Health District will have an arrangement in place for this.

You may be able to have parts of your treatment closer to home. Please discuss this with your treating specialist.

Travel assistance for rural patients

If you live in a rural area and need help to travel for your treatment to this service visit NSW Government IPTAAS for more information.

How common is urogenital cancer in NSW?

Urogenital cancer was diagnosed in:

  • 9712
    People in NSW in 2012
  • 9523
    People in NSW in 2011
  • 8970
    People in NSW in 2010

Data source: Annual NSW cancer incidence and mortality dataset, 2012 (sourced from the NSW Cancer Registry)

Treatment options for localised prostate cancer

Read our fact sheet on the treatment options available for men with localised prostate cancer.

Cancer information and support

Speak to a specialist health professional about anything to do with cancer.

Phone 13 11 20.

Cancer Council NSW
Questions for your specialist

Find out some key questions to ask your specialist at your first appointment.

Questions you can ask
Booklet about prostate cancer

Understanding Prostate Cancer is a booklet for people with cancer, their families and friends. 

Cancer Council NSW
Booklet about bladder cancer

Understanding Bladder Cancer is a booklet for people with cancer, their families and friends. 

Cancer Council NSW
Booklet about kidney cancer

Understanding Kidney Cancer is a booklet for people with cancer, their families and friends. 

Cancer Council NSW
Booklet about testicular cancer

Understanding Testicular Cancer is a booklet for people with cancer, their families and friends. 

Cancer Council NSW