What you need to know

It is recommended that you:

  • See a gynaecological oncologist who is a member of a multidisciplinary team. You can ask your GP to refer you.
  • All specialists listed on Canrefer are members of a multidisciplinary team.

What is gynaecological cancer?

Gynaecological cancer is cancer that occurs in any part of the female reproductive system. This includes the vagina, uterus, ovaries, cervix, vulva, endometrium or fallopian tubes. Gynaecological cancer starts when cells in the female reproductive system become abnormal. These cells divide and grow to form a cancer.

Graphic of body highlighting female reproductive system

Who do I see for diagnosis and treatment of my gynaecological cancer?

If your GP suspects you have a gynaecological cancer, they will refer you to a gynaecological oncologist.

The gynaecological oncologist should:

  • Have experience in treating gynaecological cancer
  • Be an active member of a multidisciplinary team.

All the specialists listed on Canrefer are members of a multidisciplinary team.

Why are multidisciplinary teams important?

A multidisciplinary team is a team of doctors, nurses and other health professionals. Team members meet regularly to discuss their patients. They plan treatment for new cancer patients and review treatment for existing patients.

Multidisciplinary teams are important. Team members work together to decide the best treatments for patients.

You can ask your GP to refer you to a specialist who is part of a multidisciplinary team. Talk to your GP about this.

All specialists on Canrefer are members of a multidisciplinary team.

What tests do I need?

You may have some of the tests listed below to diagnose a gynaecological cancer. The most common tests are:

  • Physical examination including internal examination
  • Pap smear
  • Blood tests 
  • Imaging - ultrasound, CT scan, MRI scan and/or PET scan
  • Biopsy

What treatment will I have?

Treatment for gynaecological cancer may include one or all types of these cancer treatments:

  • surgery
  • chemotherapy
  • targeted therapy
  • radiotherapy

Where do I receive treatment?

If treatment for your gynaecological cancer is specialised and complex, you may need to travel to have a part of your treatment. Your Local Health District will have an arrangement in place for this.

You may be able to have parts of your treatment closer to home. Please discuss this with your treating specialist.

Travel assistance for rural patients

If you live in a rural area and need help to travel for your treatment visit NSW Government IPTAAS for more information.

How common is gynaecological cancer in NSW?

Gynaecological cancer was diagnosed in:

  • 1687
    People in NSW in 2012
  • 1793
    People in NSW in 2011
  • 1623
    People in NSW in 2010

Data Source: Annual NSW cancer incidence and mortality dataset, 2012 (sourced from the NSW Cancer Registry)

Cancer information and support

Speak to a specialist health professional about anything to do with cancer.

Phone 13 11 20.

Cancer Council NSW
Questions for your specialist

Find out some key questions to ask your specialist at your first appointment.

Questions you can ask
Booklet about cervical cancer

Understanding Cervical Cancer is a booklet for people with cancer, their families and friends. 

Cancer Council NSW
Booklet about ovarian cancer

Understanding Ovarian Cancer is a booklet for people with cancer, their families and friends. 

Cancer Council NSW
Booklet about cancer of the uterus

Understanding Cancer of the Uterus is a booklet for people with cancer, their families and friends. 

Cancer Council NSW
Booklet about vulvar and vaginal cancer

Understanding Vulvar and Vaginal Cancers is a booklet for women with cancer, their families and friends. 

Cancer Council NSW