Important information

Men with a suspected or diagnosed localised prostate cancer should: 

Some men may also need a referral to a medical oncologist.


What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer starts in the cells of the prostate, a small gland in men that is part of the reproductive system. 

Graphic of a male body highlighting the prostate


What tests are needed?

Common tests used to diagnose prostate cancer include:

  • digital rectal examination
  • blood tests
  • imaging - ultrasound, CT scan, MRI scan and/or bone scan
  • biopsy of the prostate.


What treatment options are there?

Treatment for prostate cancer may include one or more of the following: 

  • active surveillance
  • radiation therapy
  • surgery
  • hormone therapy
  • chemotherapy.

If you have prostate cancer which is localised to the prostate or immediate area surrounding the prostate, you can read more about these treatment options in the Prostate cancer management options fact sheet.

If treatment is specialised and complex, patients may need to travel to have a part of their treatment. The local health district will have an arrangement in place for this.


How common is prostate cancer in NSW?

Prostate cancer was diagnosed in:

  • 2011
    7245 people in NSW
  • 2012
    7354 people in NSW
  • 2013
    6769 people in NSW

Data Source: Annual NSW cancer incidence and mortality dataset, 2013 (sourced form the NSW Cancer Registry)

Better cancer care

Better cancer care

Every person with cancer should have their care overseen by a specialist on a multidisciplinary team.

Prostate cancer clinical guidelines

The nationally recognised best practice pathway for prostate cancer management in Australia.
Quick reference guide
Clinical guidelines